Endodontics is the branch of dentistry concerning dental pulp and tissues surrounding the roots of a tooth. “Endo” is the Greek word for “inside” and “odont” is Greek for “tooth.” Endodontic treatment, or root canal treatment, treats the soft pulp tissue inside the tooth. An endodontist is a dentist who specializes in saving teeth.
Endodontists become specialists by completing two or more years of advanced training in endodontics following dental school. They perform routine as well as difficult and very complex endodontic procedures, including root canal treatment, endodontic surgery and special procedures to save teeth after traumatic dental injuries. By focusing their practice on specific procedures such a root canal treatment, surgery and trauma, endodontists are experts at managing a wide array of complex endodontic problems efficiently. Advanced technologies and specialized techniques used by endodontists give them a very accurate view of the inside of the tooth and allow them to treat the tooth quickly and comfortably.
By saving your tooth, an endodontist can help you keep your natural smile, so you can continue to eat your favorite foods and maintain your overall health. Nothing looks, feels or functions like your natural tooth!
Root canal treatment involves removal of infected dental pulp (tooth nerve or root canal), disinfecting the space and filling it with an inert, biocompatible material called guttapercha. The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia and is most commonly completed in one visit or may require additional visits.
In most cases, a temporary filling will be placed prior to a permanent filling. Once the root canal procedures are completed, you will return to your dentist where a permanent filling or crown will be placed.
Root canal treatment is required for teeth whose pulp (root canal or nerve) is inflamed, infected or exposed to infection. Root canal treatment is performed to save the natural tooth.
Some of the main causes of inner tooth damage necessitating root canal treatment include:
Microbial infections – due to large untreated cavities or old failing fillings
Fractures and chips – When a large part of the surface or crown of the tooth has become completely detache
Injuries – Injuries to the teeth can be caused by a direct or indirect blow to the mouth area
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